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Authorize the release of utility account information.
Account Disclosure Authorization Form
Use this form for your Backflow Prevention Assembly installation and inspection.
Backflow Installation Permit
Backflow Test & Maintenance Form
Use this form to establish auto-pay for your CFPUA bill.
Bank Draft Authorization
List of Companies with Certified Backflow Prevention Assembly Testers
Certified Backflow Testers
Submit your plans for commercial or residential development that require utility extensions.
Commercial Plan Review/Utility Extension Review
Fire Protection System Permit
What you need to know when applying for a Grease Interceptor Variance Study for your food service business.
Grease Interceptor Variance Study SOP
Survey used to determine if your facility needs an Industrial User Pretreatment Permit (IUP) for the discharge of wastewater to the local sewer and to apply for the same.
Industrial Waste Survey - Long Form
Request to determine types and sources of wastewater that are entering form your business into CFPUA’s publicly owned treatment works (POTW).
Industrial Waste Survey - Short Form
Irrigation Meter Approved Installation Standard Details
Want a separate meter for your irrigation system? Here's what you need to know...
Irrigation Subtraction Meter Information
Use this form to request an adjustment if your bill is unusually high and you believe it may be due to a damaged water service line.
Leak Adjustment Request
Use this form when your business would like to remove a non-domestic meter (irrigation, well, special-use, etc.)
Meter Removal Request (Non-domestic)
Use this form if you are a property owner setting up new service for a business.
New Commercial Service - Property Owner
Use this form if you are a tenant in a commercial building and want to set up new service.
New Commercial Service - Tenant
Make sure you have what you need to request new water service.
New Services Checklist
Request to consider a sewer credit based on the metered water volume used to fill a newly constructed pool or when refilling a pool that has been completely drained to facilitate a repair.
Pool Fill Adjustment Request
Termination of Service for residential and commercial tenants.
Termination of Service - Tenant
Form for property owners to authorize mailing of duplicate bills and delinquency notices to a third party such as a tenant.
Third Party Notification
Property owners should use this form to transfer (or retain) responsibility for utility bill payment.
Transfer of Responsibility
Underground Fire Line Permit (WFD)
Application for residential utility service by property owner. Includes our new service checklist.
New Residential Service - Property Owner
Application for residential utility services by renter or tenant. Includes our new service checklist.
New Residential Service - Tenant
Use this form if you are moving from one residence served by CFPUA to another.
Transfer of Service
8am-5pm Monday - Friday except holidays.
235 Government Center Drive or 305 Chestnut Street, Wilmington, NC
CFPUA has set up appropriate measures in compliance with all state, federal, and banking regulations to keep your information secure. North Carolina laws designate utility billing records as non-public. None of your personal information, charges for services, or record of payments will be given out unless you provide written consent.
To ensure prompt and accurate posting of your payment you must change the following:
We are legally obligated to set rates at levels that ensure adequate funding for water and sewer operations and capital improvements throughout New Hanover County, which also includes the City of Wilmington.
Trash and storm water services are provided and charged by the City of Wilmington. Their charges are included on your CFPUA bill. For questions on these services, call the below numbers.
Storm water: (910) 343-4777
Trash: (910) 341-7875
Call (910) 332-6565 day or night for emergencies such as major leaks, sewer spills, alarms at pump stations or any situation relating to water and sewer that endangers life, public health or property.
1.1. Customer Service Locations: CFPUA has 2 locations to serve you:
1.2. Office hours: Both locations are open Monday - Friday, 8am - 5pm. CFPUA observes the same holiday schedule as the state of North Carolina offices.
1.3. Customer Service Phone: 910-332-6550
1.4. Customer Service online Contact Form
1.5. Customer Service Website: www.cfpua.org
1.6. Customer Service Fax: 910-332-6352.
1.7. Temporary Interruptions: From time to time your water service may be interrupted while crews perform routine maintenance, planned replacements, or emergency repairs. You may notice a decrease in water pressure or water quality (unusual odor or color). You may call Customer Service at 910-332-6550 or the Problem/Emergency line at 910-332-6565 for assistance. Notices of planned outages may be publicized on our Home page, in the newspaper, or on your utility bill.
1.8. Reporting Problems with Water and Sewer Service: Reporting Problems with Water and Sewer Service: For any problems or emergency situations, call 910-332-6565. Examples include if you have no water service or your water is discolored, none of your drains work or sewage backs up into your tub or sink, you see water flowing in the street or smell sewage outside, or you hear an alarm at a water or sewer pump station.
2.1. Starting New Service: Application forms are available at both CFPUA offices and on the Applications and Forms page. Or you can call the Customer Service number to complete an application over the phone, provided the building already has water service. You will need to pay an application fee and if you have had a history of credit offenses with CFPUA, you may be required to pay a deposit. A customer service representative will contact you to arrange a time to turn water service on. You or a responsible person must be on the premises when the technician arrives to turn the water on. Once the water is turned on, that responsible person should verify that the water service is indeed working and that all faucets are turned off and all connections to appliances such as washing machines and ice makers are secure. CFPUA will not be responsible for damage to property caused by open spigots or cracked hoses. To prevent damage to your hot water heater, you or the other responsible person should also make sure the water valve to the hot water heater is open and that the electric current to the appliance is not turned on until there is enough water inside.
2.2. Social Security and Drivers License Numbers: The application form asks for identifying information to give assurance that CFPUA will be paid for utility services. You do not need to disclose this information, but if you don’t, you may need to pay a deposit before utility service is provided.
2.3. Deposits: Residential customers with no or a poor credit history and new commercial customers may be required to pay a deposit before receiving service.
2.4. Changing mailing address or phone: If your mailing address or telephone numbers change, please notify CFPUA by calling Customer Service at 910-332-6550 or through our online online Contact Form.2.5. Transferring Service: If you are already a CFPUA customer and will be moving from one location to another also served by CFPUA, you may transfer your service without going through the application process. There is a form you can complete at one of the office locations or you can print one from the Applications and Forms page and send to CFPUA. You will be charged a premise fee to cover the cost of sending out a technician to turn on the water service. That fee will be added to your first bill unless your account is delinquent. CFPUA will require all prior charges and the premise be paid before service at the new location is connected.2.6. Terminating Service: If you will be moving away, or if you will be totally changing your meter and service (for example replacing a house with a commercial building using a larger meter), call or visit a Customer Service representative to set up when the service is to be stopped. You will be responsible for charges as long as you are the owner of the property. If you do not notify Customer Service prior to the date the property changes hands, there is no way for a meter reader to get an accurate consumption amount. Therefore, you may end up paying for water the new owner has used. If there is no ending meter reading, CFPUA prorates consumption by the number of days the property was owned during that billing period.2.7. Suspending Service: If you will be temporarily away from your property and want to have the water turned off to avoid worrying about leaks or neighbors attaching hoses to your outside spigots, contact Customer Service to arrange for your water to be turned off. You will be charged a premise visit fee when the technician visits your property to turn the service off and again when it is turned back on. While you will not be billed for any water used, you will be billed for the fixed meter charge (see Section 3.3 below). The purpose of the fixed meter charge is to provide for the capital facilities used and available to provide service to the property, whether or not the owner uses that availability.
3.1. Bimonthly Bills: Bills are sent out bimonthly, or in other words, every 2 months.3.2. Services Appearing on Bills: CFPUA is the billing agent for the City of Wilmington’s storm water and solid waste, so you will see charges for these services along with your water and sewer.3.3. Utility Rates: You water and sewer charges have two components. The first will remain the same every billing period. The fixed meter charge covers the cost for building and paying debt service on the plants and pipes used to provide water and sewer service. The second component is the consumption charge which covers the cost of treating the water you use and the wastewater you put into the sewers. You meter records how much water you use and is basis for the consumption portion of your bill. You can get a copy of the rate schedule from CFPUA Customer Service representatives or on our Rates and Fees page.3.4. Payment Options: You can pay your bill using cash, check, money order, or debit/credit card in person at CFPUA offices. You may mail a check using the envelope provided in your bill. You can also make a payment using your credit or debit card over the phone with a Customer Service Representative or by using our Interactive Voice Response System. The easiest and simplest way is to set up an automatic bank draft so you never have to worry about forgetting a payment or finding a stamp. Other ways to pay include EZ-Billing to make credit/debit, e-check payments or set up CFPUA with your online bill pay through your bank.3.5. Starting or Stopping Automatic Bank Drafts: Starting or Stopping Automatic Bank Drafts: Contact a Customer Service representative to start or stop automatic bank drafts. Forms are also available on our Applications and Forms page.3.6. Where to pay:
CFPUA has two locations305 Chestnut Street in downtown Wilmington235 Government Center Drive near the intersection of Eastwood and Market Streets.
Both locations are open Monday - Friday 8am - 5pm. CFPUA observes the same holiday schedule as the state of North Carolina offices. You may also pay online or by calling (910) 332-6550.3.7. Due Date: Bills are due in 30 days. The due date is printed on your bill.3.8. Late Fees: Payments not received within 30 days will be charged a late fee of 10% of the outstanding charges. Late fees on disputed bills may be waived if you are following the appeal procedure (see Section 3.13).3.9. Application of Partial Payment: Application of Partial Payment: In the event payment is made in an amount less than the total due on a bill, any such amount shall be allocated to outstanding charges in the following order: storm water, trash bags, trash services, other charges, sewer, and water.3.10. Returned Checks and Bank Drafts: If your checks or bank draft is not honored by the bank, you will be charged a fee to reimburse CFPUA for administrative time. You will need to come to the CFPUA office to pay that amount plus the returned check fee in cash. Otherwise you are considered to have not made a payment, and will be subject to any late fees and procedures for collection of past due charges, which could include cutting off your water.3.11. Adjustments for Leaks: A residential or commercial customer may seek an adjustment to an unusually high water bill caused by physical damage to the customer's water service line. Physical damage means damage to a facility or equipment supplying water to the premises and the damage:
• Is not detectable in the customer’s premises except upon excavation or some other disturbance of the property; and• Is not the result of an act of the customer, or of any agent or contractor hired by the customer.A customer may not receive an adjustment unless the customer has paid all outstanding water and sewer bills owed prior to the unusually high water bill. An unusually high water bill means a water and/or sewer bill for a billing cycle that reflects bimonthly water usage, that is at least two (2) times the customer’s average bimonthly usage of the premises as measured during the previous six (6) bimonthly billing periods. For customers with meters 2" in size or less, the amount of the adjustment for water will be 50% over the average consumption of the previous twelve-month period and 100% over the average for sewer consumption charges if the leak did not enter the sewer system. If the leak enters the sewer system, sewer charges will be for 50% over the average consumption charges for the previous twelve-month period. Should sufficient consumption history not be available for a customer, the average residential customer consumption, as stated in the Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, will be used to the calculation of the average bimonthly consumption value. Adjustments for irrigation leaks will be made to water and/or sewer charges depending on whether a separate meter is used for the calculation of water charges associated with irrigating. The amount credited may be 50% of water and 100% of sewer, if applicable, over the average consumption charges for the same billing period of the last two consecutive years.The Executive Director has the latitude to consider the circumstances not considered by this policy and make adjustments based on rational factors.The customer retains control over the usage of water on the customer's premises, and as such, the customer is responsible for all water passing through the meter, including water which may be lost or wasted through leaking pipes or fixtures on the premises. The customer is responsible for monitoring for unusually high water usage as reflected on the customer's bill. The customer must promptly investigate any unusually high water bills. A customer is required to repair any water leak promptly, and the customer is responsible for all repair costs.To encourage prompt repairs and minimize losses to the customer and CFPUA, only the bill immediately before the repair and immediately after the repair will be considered for an adjustment. Each bill must independently fall within all adjustment criteria to be considered.A customer is not eligible for a leak adjustment to an unusually high water bill due to circumstances not caused by an undetected leak, leaks that should reasonably have been discovered, and/or high usage caused by negligence or failure to properly maintain pools or water using/consuming devices (including but not limited to such items as water softeners, auto-fill devices, irrigation control systems, etc.) that may be malfunctioning. Leaks caused by a third party from whom the customer can recover their costs will not be considered for a leak adjustment. Examples include, but are not limited to, theft, vandalism, negligence and construction damage, unoccupied or vacant properties. Leaks caused due to the meter being accessed, tampered with, or turned on/off by anyone other than a CFPUA employee that results in loss of water will not be considered for a leak adjustment.A residential or commercial customer is eligible for one leak adjustment in a 24-month period, provided the customer submits documentation of the leak repair within 90 days of the high consumption billing. Should a customer have a second leak greater than 125% of the previous adjustment, based on dollar value, within the two-year time frame for a leak adjustment, the customer may appeal to the Executive Director for an additional leak adjustment, net of the previous adjustment.The customer must complete a Leak Adjustment Request Form stating the type of leak, date of repair, address at which the leak repair was made and the customer for whom the repair was made. The documentation must be submitted by a licensed contractor or plumber. In the event the property owner completes the repair, a receipt showing the parts purchased for the repair must be submitted. Adjustments for irrigation leaks may be made for sewer charges only.A commercial customer with a meter size 3” or greater is eligible for one leak adjustment for sewer charges only in a 24-month period, provided the customer submits documentation of the leak repair within 90 days of the high consumption billing. The customer must complete a Leak Adjustment Repair Form and submit documentation from a licensed plumber or contractor stating the type of leak, date of repair, address at which the leak repair was made and the customer for whom the repair was made.(H) Pool Credits. A sewer credit will be considered when filling a newly constructed pool or when refilling a pool that has been drained to facilitate a repair. When a customer provides written documentation that a swimming pool has been filled from the internal plumbing system, a sewer credit may be issued based on the metered water volume used to fill the pool. The customer must provide the dimensions of the pool, the volume that was filled, and the dates the pool was filled. For pool fills, your utility account may be credited for wastewater usage based on your average usage for the prior six billing cycles. Customers may receive one pool credit per twelve-month period. Credit is not available for the addition of makeup water due to normal routine maintenance (topping off), nor are credits provided for splasher pools (kiddie pools). The customer must complete the Pool Fill Adjustment Request Form and submit with required documentation, as outlined on the form for a sewer credit consideration. 3.12. Billing Errors: If you believe there is an error in your bill, you should contact a Customer Service Representative within 90 days. If pursuant to a request for adjustment, it is determined that the bill was in error or that an adjustment should rightfully be made, a corrected bill shall promptly be prepared and your account will be adjusted accordingly. A credit will be applied to your account; there will be no cash refunds issued unless your service has been terminated.3.13. Appeal Billing Disputes: If you disagree with a bill or refusal of a credit or refund for disputed water or sewer charges as determined by the Customer Service Manager, you can file a written request for an appeal hearing to the Director of Customer Service. Such request should be made within ten (10) days after the bill or notification of an assessment for a violation and/or service termination was received. The Director of Customer Service will be the final decision maker for appeals under $500 in value. If you wish to appeal a decision made by the Customer Service Director AND the amount in question is $500 or greater in value, you will need to submit your request in writing to the Director of Engineering and follow the Appeal Hearing process. See Ordinance 5.5 Water and Sewer Bill Appeal.3.14. Extension of Payments: You are responsible for paying your bill in full by the due date, or you will be charged late fees and your water may be turned off. If you cannot pay in full by the due date, call a Customer Service Representative to see if you qualify for assistance.3.15. Discovery of Unbilled Accounts: If we discover that you have received water and/or sewer service but we have not billed you or not billed you correctly, we may send you a bill for up to three years of service, even if you received service for more than three years and were not billed for it. No interest charges are included for unbilled past service. Of course, if your account has been in your name for less than three years, or if we can determine that the billing error or omission began less than three years ago, we will prepare the bill accordingly. If the amount due is large (see Section 3.15 above), you may qualify for installment payments.3.17. Third Party Notification: If you would like to have a copy of a bill or delinquency notice mailed to another person such as a tenant or relative, contact a Customer Service Representative. There is also a form on the Applications and Forms page that you must complete and submit to Customer Service.
4.1. Reasons your water service may be shut off:
4.2. How to Get Service Turned Back On: You will need to call a Customer Service Representative and make payment in full of all charges and fees in cash, certified check, or credit card. The Customer Service Representative will tell you in what time period a technician will be at your house to turn the water back on. You will need to have a responsible person at the house when the technician arrives (see Section 2.1) to turn the water back on.
4.3. Tampering with Meter: It is against the law for you to tamper with the meter to reconnect your water. If you do, you will be charged a tampering fee which will also need to be paid before your water is turned back on.
5.1. No Obstructions: You are responsible for making sure there is nothing interfering with the ability of the CFPUA technician to get your meter reading. This means trimming grass and bushes around the meter, not blocking by installing a fence in front or parking a car on top of the meter, and keeping dogs confined.5.2. No Meter Tampering: It is illegal to tamper with a meter for any reason (see 4.3 above). You should not allow anyone to connect any device to your meter, nor should you tamper with any other meter.
To prevent contamination of your and your neighbors’ water, you shouldn’t fill special use tanks or tankers containing pesticides, fertilizers, or other toxic chemicals from faucets on your property unless you have installed a backflow prevention device. You could be subject to a civil penalty. Contact Environmental Services at 910-332-6558 for more information.
CFPUA Deposit Policy (PDF)
Deposit Policy FAQ (PDF)
Phase two of CFPUA's Water Meter Replacement Program began in March, 2017 and involves replacing over 17,000 water meters within our service area. A successful pilot project in 2016 preceded this phase and included installation of approximately one thousand water meters in order to test both the meters and the overall replacement process.Meter replacement is part of CFPUA’s effort to upgrade its technology and ensure its services meet or exceed industry standards. The new meters replace ones that are near end-of-life and allow CFPUA to bill with greater accuracy and efficiency. New meters use automatic meter reading technology to transmit readings to handheld and mobile devices, reducing the likelihood of billing errors while improving employee safety. They will record consumption with greater accuracy, capturing the usage of water which may not have been registering through an aging meter.
The General Contractor for the program is Pedal Valves, Inc. and they are responsible for the proper installation of the new meters. Employees will be wearing uniforms or shirts and carry identification. Pedal Valves employees carry ID, drive Pedal Valve marked trucks and wear blue shirts marked “PVI Meter Replacement Team.”While an employee of Pedal Valves may come to a customer’s door to inform them work will begin, neither Pedal Valves, Inc. nor CFPUA employees will ever ask a customer for any payment or personal information at your home at any time. If this takes place, we advise the customer to first contact the proper authorities, then inform CFPUA by calling (910) 332-6550 or via our Contact Us online form.
Meter Replacement FAQ
An aldehyde is a compound that contains a carbon-oxygen bond. CFPUA tests for various kinds of aldehydes twice per year, and the tests measure the levels of chemicals such as: Acetaldehyde, Butanal, Formaldehyde, Hexanal, Pentanal and Proponal. This includes testing for: Acetaldehyde, Butanal, Formaldehyde, Hexanal, Pentanal and Proponal.
Latest CFPUA Aldehyde report
Asbestos is a mineral fiber that occurs in rock and soil. Because of its fiber strength and heat resistance asbestos has been used in a variety of building construction materials for insulation and as a fire retardant. Asbestos has also been used in a wide range of manufactured goods, mostly in building materials (roofing shingles, ceiling and floor tiles, paper products, and asbestos cement products), friction products (automobile clutch, brake, and transmission parts), heat-resistant fabrics, packaging, gaskets, and coatings.
Latest CFPUA Asbestos report
EPA Asbestos info
Bromate is a chemical that is formed when ozone used to disinfect drinking water reacts with naturally occurring bromide found in source water. EPA has established the Stage 1 Disinfectants/Disinfection Byproducts Rule to regulate bromate at annual average of 10 parts per billion in drinking water. This standard will become effective for large public water systems by December 2001 and for small surface water and all ground public water systems in December 2003.
Latest CFPUA Bromide/Bromate report
EPA Bromide/Bromate info
Aqueous chemical reactions and the handling of chemicals used in drinking water treatment is the dominant source of environmental exposure to chlorate. Outside of exposure from drinking water treatment processes, the industrial uses of chlorate can lead to unsafe levels persisting in the environment. Chlorine dioxide, chlorite, and chlorate can occur in foods as they are used in flour processing, as decolorizing agents, as bleaching agents, and as an indirect additive from paper packaging.
Latest CFPUA Chlorate/Chlorite report
American Water Works Association Chlorate/Chlorite info
Coal ash, also referred to as coal combustion residuals or CCRs, is produced primarily from the burning of coal in coal-fired power plants. Coal ash contains contaminants like mercury, cadmium and arsenic. Without proper management, these contaminants can pollute waterways, ground water, drinking water, and the air. To address the risks from improper disposal and discharge of coal ash, EPA has established national rules for coal ash disposal and is strengthening existing controls on water discharges.
Latest CFPUA Coal Ash report
EPA Coal Ash info
Disinfection byproducts are formed when disinfectants used in a water treatment react with bromide and/or natural organic matter (i.e., decaying vegetation) present in the source water. Different disinfectants produce different types or amounts of disinfection byproducts. Disinfection byproducts for which regulations have been established have been identified in drinking water, including trihalomethanes, haloacetic acids, bromate, and chlorite.
Latest CFPUA DBP report
EPA DBP info
Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) refer to products used by individuals for personal health/well-being or for cosmetic purposes. Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs) are chemicals/compounds that have or are suspected of having an adverse effect on the body’s endocrine system. Examples include prescription and over the counter drugs, veterinary drugs, fragrances, lotions, cosmetics, detergents, plasticizers, pesticides and flame retardants.
There are a number of routes by which PPCP and EDCs can find their way into surface water and ground water supplies. Elimination from the body, flushing or disposal in landfills of unused or expired drugs, or in the case of personal care products, rinsing down the drain while showering or bathing are common pathways to the environment. In the case of agricultural focused products or veterinary drugs, runoff offers another pathway to surface water or groundwater reserves.
Latest CFPUA EDC and PPCP Report
Water Quality Association PPCP and EDC Fact Sheet
The mineral fluoride occurs naturally on earth and is released from rocks into the soil, water, and air. All water contains some fluoride. Usually, the fluoride level in water is not enough to prevent tooth decay; however, some groundwater and natural springs can have naturally high levels of fluoride. Community water fluoridation is the process of adjusting the amount of fluoride found in water to achieve optimal prevention of tooth decay.
Although other fluoride-containing products, such as toothpaste, mouth rinses, and dietary supplements are available and contribute to the prevention and control of tooth decay, community water fluoridation has been identified as the most cost-effective method of delivering fluoride to all, reducing tooth decay by 25% in children and adults.
Latest CFPUA Flouride report
CDC Flouride info
A per-fluorinated compound, which acts as a chemical replacement for another compound, C8, used in the manufacturing of Teflon and other items.
Latest CFPUA GenX report
NCDEQ GenX info
Pathogens, such as Giardia, Cryptosporidium and Legionella, are often found in water. If consumed, these pathogens can cause gastrointestinal illness (e.g., diarrhea, vomiting, cramps) and other health risks. These illnesses may be severe and sometimes fatal for people with weakened immune systems. Cryptosporidium is a significant concern in drinking water because it is resistant to chlorine and other disinfectants. The Surface Water Treatment Rules were established to protect against these pathogens. To protect public health, drinking water from lakes, rivers streams and some other sources needs to be treated. This treatment includes disinfection and, in most cases, filtration.
Latest CFPUA Giardia/ Cryptosporidium report
EPA Giardia/ Cryptosporidium info
The chemical contaminants were promulgated in phases collectively called the Phase II/V Rules or the Chemical Contaminant Rules. These rules regulate over 65 contaminants in three contaminant groups:
The rules apply to all public water systems (PWS). PWS type, size, and water source type determine which contaminants require monitoring for that system.
The Chemical Contaminants Rules provide public health protection through the reduction of chronic, or long-term, risks from:
Latest CFPUA Inorganic Contaminants (IOC) report
Latest CFPUA Volatile Organic Contaminants (VOC) report
Latest CFPUA Synthetic Organic Contaminants (SOC) report
EPA IOC info
Lead and copper enter drinking water primarily through plumbing materials. Exposure to lead and copper may cause health problems ranging from stomach distress to brain damage.
In 1991, EPA published a regulation to control lead and copper in drinking water. This regulation is known as the Lead and Copper Rule (also referred to as the LCR). The treatment technique for the rule requires systems to monitor drinking water at customer taps. If lead concentrations exceed an action level of 15 parts per billion or copper concentrations exceed an action level of 1.3 parts per million in more than 10% of customer taps sampled, the system must undertake a number of additional actions to control corrosion.
Latest Lead and Copper Results
Learn more about the Lead and Copper Rule
The Long Term 2 Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule addresses the health effects associated with Cryptosporidium in surface water used as a drinking water supply. Surface water systems are required to conduct source water monitoring for Cryptosporidium, E. coli, and turbidity.
Latest CFPUA Long Term 2 report
EPA Long Term 2 info
Nitrates are a form of nitrogen, which is found in several different forms in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. These forms of nitrogen include ammonia (NH3), nitrates (NO3), and nitrites (NO2). Nitrates are essential plant nutrients, but in excess amounts they can cause significant water quality problems. Sources of nitrates include wastewater treatment plants, runoff from fertilized lawns and cropland, failing on-site septic systems, runoff from animal manure storage areas, and industrial discharges that contain corrosion inhibitors.
Latest CFPUA Nitrate report
EPA Nitrate info
Perchlorate is a naturally occurring and manufactured chemical anion that consists of one chlorine atom bonded to four oxygen atoms (ClO4-). Perchlorate is commonly used as an oxidizer in rocket propellants, munitions, fireworks, airbag initiators for vehicles, matches and signal flares. It is naturally occurring in some fertilizers.
On February 11, 2011, EPA determined that perchlorate meets the Safe Drinking Water Act criteria for regulation as a contaminant. The Agency found that perchlorate may have an adverse effect on the health of persons and is known to occur in public drinking water systems with a frequency and at levels that present a public health concern.
Latest CFPUA Perchlorate report
EPA Perchlorate info
Poly- and Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs) also commonly referred to as per-fluorinated chemicals (PFCs) are a group of anthropogenic chemicals used in industrial processes and consumer products such as teflon. This group of compounds are made up of many different chemicals with varying carbon chain lengths, uses, and chemical properties. There are also similarities and differences in toxicological effects among the PFASs. In general, the longer chain PFASs are more potent than the shorter chain compounds. (Dickenson and Higgins 2016: Treatment and Mitigation Strategies for Poly- and Perfluorinated Chemicals)
An EU Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain determined an Acceptable Daily Intake of 0.15 µg/kg - d for PFASs, which equates to a Drinking Water Equivalent Level of 5.3 µg/L (5,300 ng/L).
Latest CFPUA Per-fluorinated Compound report
EPA Per-fluorinated Compound/Drinking Water Testing info
Radionuclides are radioactive isotopes that can occur naturally or result from manmade sources. Natural radiation comes from cosmic rays, naturally-occurring radioactive elements in the earth’s crust, and radioactive decay products. Since these radionuclides are present in soil and rock, they can also be found in groundwater and surface water. Typical radionuclides found in drinking water sources are isotopes of radium, uranium, and radon, among others. Fission products from manmade nuclear reactions are also of concern today, particularly radioactive cesium and iodine.
Latest CFPUA Radionuclides report
Water Research Foundation's Radionuclides info
CFPUA is currently testing new treatment technologies at the Sweeney Water Treatment Plant to investigate the potential for removing per-fluorinated compounds from the raw water from the Cape Fear River. Staff installed pilot tests of Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) technology and Ion Exchange (IX) technology at various stages of the treatment process, and are testing their effectiveness at removing GenX and other perfluorinated compounds.
Download the most recent data from the Sweeney Pilot Test
Alkalinity is a measure of the capacity of water to neutralize acids (see pH description). Alkaline compounds in the water such as bicarbonates (baking soda is one type), carbonates, and hydroxides remove H+ ions and lower the acidity of the water (which means increased pH). Total alkalinity is measured by measuring the amount of acid (e.g., sulfuric acid) needed to bring the sample to a pH of 4.2. At this pH all the alkaline compounds in the sample are "used up." The result is reported as milligrams per liter of calcium carbonate (mg/L CaCO3).
Latest CFPUA Organic Carbon/Alkanlinity report
EPA Carbon/Alkalinity info